Comparison of personality traits and initial maladaptive schemas of addicts and non-addicts

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Hossein Mahdvr Mogoui

Abstract

This study was done with the purpose of comparing the personality traits and early maladaptive schemas of addicts and non addicts. The descriptive research method was causal-comparative. All addicts and non-addicts in Tehran in the period of 2016-2017 comprise the statistical population of this research. Among them, 100 individuals (50 addicts and 50 non-addicts) were selected as sample by using available sampling and completed the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and Young's Schema Questionnaire. One-variable analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. The findings showed that there was a significant difference between the level of personality traits (psychotic disorder, neuroticism and extroversion) and early maladaptive schemas (cuts and exclusion, self-regulation and impaired performance, disturbed restrictions, other directedness, over vigilance, and Inhibition) between two groups of addicts and non-addicts (P <0.01). Thus, the level of personality traits (psychotic disorder, neuroticism and extroversion) and early maladaptive schemas (cuts and rejection, selfregulation and impaired performance, disturbed constraints, other directedness, over vigilance and inhibition) of addicts was higher than non-addicts. Therefore, it can be concluded that the type of personality traits and the use of early maladaptive schemas is influencing the tendency toward addiction, somehow addicts have higher personality traits(psychotic disorder, neuroticism, and extraversion) and maladaptive schemas (cuts and Exclusion, self-regulation, and impaired performance, disruptive constraints, other directedness, over vigilance and inhibition) than non-addicts

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