Optimization of Expression and Purification of Recombinant One of Central Nervous System Enzyme (Acetylcholinesterase)

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Fatimah Sahib Abed


In general, the use of natural enzymes is very limited and they are not economical to use in industry. To solve this problem, the recombinant expression systems approach has been used. Optimization of production processes in heterologous expression systems is one of the most important activities in today's competitive industries. One of the key factors for the commercialization of recombinant proteins is the achievement of a low-cost culture medium available for the production of suitable cell biomass that can be used on an industrial scale. Commercialization of recombinant products requires process economics and cost reduction, and reducing the cost of the product is possible by using a cheaper culture medium, so decided optimization of expression and purification of recombinant acetylcholinesterase (EC., because it’s one of the body's vital enzymes, that by hydrolyzing acetylcholine, which is a neurotransmitter, terminates neural messages in the area of cholinergic synapses. Because the enzyme acetylcholinesterase produced from natural sources is not suitable for industrial purposes and semi-mass production due to low production efficiency and high costs of enzyme preparation and purification processes, optimizing the growth conditions of microorganisms capable of the production and secretion of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase are very important, both in terms of yield and economic costs. The present study seeks to increase productivity and reduce the cost of producing this enzyme by optimizing the growth medium and expression of pichia pastoris yeast cells that have genes related to this enzyme and also by optimizing the purification and mass production of this enzyme.

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