Investigating and evaluating the status of victims in the criminal procedure codes of Iran and France

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Marzieh Pourkabgani


The study of the role of the victim and its supportive position in the Criminal Procedure Code of Iran and
its comparison with the French Criminal Procedure Code manifests the deficiencies in the Criminal
Procedure Code of Iran in terms of support of victims on the one hand and shows the necessity of
forecasting special establishments in this area on the other hand. Another point is that the study of the
rules in the Iranian Criminal Procedure Code clarifies the capabilities of this law from the scientific
victimological perspective, and specifies the main position of these rules in the Iranian law. In French
criminal law, the victim is more likely to enter a criminal proceeding as a private claimant, and it is the
government that has the right to seek punishment. In addition, associations formed on specific grounds,
such as associations for the protection of children or women, which have developed for five years can
also enter the criminal process to seek redress for damage and loss as the representative of the victim.

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