International Academic Journal of Social Sciences

  • ISSN 2454-3918

Interaction between Iran and India’s Literary currents During Safavid rule

Mojahed Gholami

Abstract: Without any doubt, poetry has its own specific lingual and aesthetic features in each period of time. But sometimes the differences between the lingual and aesthetic features of a poetry belongs to a period is too much rather than another piece of poetry of another period that may lead to misunderstanding or even reject and denial of it. In Indian style, or the poetic style of the 10th through the 13th centuries after Hegira (A.D. 16th to 19th centuries), which was a literary current in Iran and India, we can see some innovations in language and aesthetics of Persian poetry. This innovation was the result of the creativity and imagination of Persian poets in both of these vast and cultured countries in which its reflection could be seen in the mirror of literary and rhetorical works belongs to that era. The study of this works shows that while the Safavid rule in Iran and the Mughals reigned in India, two main trends of rhetoric were formed in Iran and India. The first, was relied on Arabic literary works and the second, was influenced by Indian rhetoric. The works related to first group were mostly reactionary and had no new concept. But the simultaneous works that composed in India, - which was both influenced by Indian and Persian/Arabic literature and rhetoric, had Significant innovations that will be discussed in a case study analysis.

Keywords: Comparative criticism, Literary currents, Safavid Rule, fancy, poetic metonymy

Page: 7-15

Volume 3, Issue 2, 2016