International Academic Journal of Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

  • ISSN 2454-2210

Barriers to Women Career Advancement (Glass Ceiling) And The Role of personality traits (Self- Esteem, Self- Efficacy)as Means of Breaking Through

Fahim Devin Hassan and Asadollahi Ehsan

Abstract: Women are important potential human resources contributing to scientific, social and cultural development of countries.In this descriptive –correlative study Participants (statistical sample) were 52(out of 60) executive level female employees who employed in governmental sector in sport & physical education organizations in Iran. For this purpose three questionnaires were used. Moghemies's standard “Barriers to women's advancement to management position in organization questionnaire, coopersmith (1967) self-esteem inventory andSherer's (1982) general self –efficacy scale. To analyze the data descriptive and inferential (Pearson's correlation)statistics were used.According to mean scores of barriers to women's advancement to management position, executive women perceived them very high as barriers to their advancement.Mean scores of self-esteem and self-efficacy in women were respectively 2.7 and 3.2 from possible max of 5, which were considered above average score for self-esteem and high score for self-efficacy.Correlation results showed significant negative correlation between self-esteem and self-efficacy with barriers to their advancement

Keywords: Glass Ceiling, self- esteem, self- efficacy, Barriers to women career advancement

Page: 40-47

Volume 2, Issue 1, 2015